Jurisprudence Learning Course


A major portion of this course consists of basic issues and aspects of worships (prayers, fasting, Hajj and Zakat). In addition to this, matters relating to Nikah (solemnization of marriage), issues of Nikah, last ten Surah of the 30th para of the holy Quran, six kalmas, Dua-e-Qanoot, and complete namaz are also part of this curriculum. The duration of the course is six months. The broad outline of the course is given as below:

Cleanliness

  • Meaning and concept of cleanliness, its significance and kinds
  • Meaning and concept of impurity and its kinds
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential issues regarding cleanliness

Ablution

  • Imposition and significance of ablution in the light of the holy Quran and Sunna
  • Conditions of ablution becoming obligatory
  • Fundamentals of Ablution
  • Conditions in which Ablution is broken
  • Matters where Ablution is necessary
  • Spiritual, scientific and medical benefits of Ablution
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential issues regarding Ablution

Taking a bath or Bathing

  • Kinds of bathing
  • Conditions in which bathing becomes obligatory
  • Fundamentals of bathing
  • Way of bathing as per Sunna
  • The method to give bath to a dead body
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential issues regarding bathing

‘Tayyumum’

  • Meaning and concept of ‘Tayyumum’ and its justification in the Holy Quran
  • Fundamentals of ‘Tayyumum’ and the way to perform it as per Sunna
  • Conditions in which ‘Tayyumum’ can be performed
  • Things with which ‘Tayyumum’ can be done
  • Things which break/violate ‘Tayyumum’
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential issues regarding ‘Tayyumum’

‘Masah’

  • Meaning and concept of ‘Masah’
    Things on which ‘Masah’ can done
    Duration of ‘Masah’
    Conditions in which ‘Masah’ is broken
    Order regarding ‘Masah’ on socks, conditions and recommended way to perform it
    Miscellaneous jurisprudential matters regarding ‘Masah’

Azan (Call to prayer)

  • Significance of Azan and the manner of its performance
    Commandment regarding listening to and responding to Azan & prayer to be recited afterwards
    Commandment regarding saying Azan in the ears of the newly born

Namaz (Salah or prayer)

  • Importance and excellence of Namaz in the light of the Holy Quran and Sunna
  • Spiritual and medical benefits of Namaz
  • Punishment on renunciation of Namaz
  • Timings of Namaz
  • Significance of Friday prayers, fundamentals, obligations and recommended way of its performance
  • Pre-conditions of Namaz, its fundamentals, obligations and recommended way of its performance as per Sunna
  • Things which breech/break prayers
  • Conditions in which Namaz can be broken
  • Statement regarding Vitr prayer
  • Dua-e-Qanoot
  • Difference in Namaz between man and woman
  • Juma and Eids’ prayers
  • Commandment of Juma and Eid prayers for women
  • ‘Traveh’ prayers and number of ‘rakat’
  • Method of offering funeral prayers
  • Dua to be recited during funeral prayers

Leadership of Namaz (Jamat and Imamat)

  • Wisdom and reward in offering prayers in congregation
  • Punishment on renouncing collective Namaz knowingly
  • Preconditions of Imamat (leadership)
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential matters regarding Imamat and collective prayer

Qasr and Qaza-e-Namaz (short prayer delay of Namaz)

  • Definition of a passenger in Islamic law
  • Commandments regarding Qasr prayer
  • Way of offering Qaza Namaz

Optional prayers

  • Importance of optional prayers
  • Significance of Namaz-e-Tuhajjad, Ashraq, Chast, and Awwabeen, their timings and way to perform them
  • Method to perform Sala-tu-Tasbeeh, Namaz-e-Istikhara, and Namaz-e-Hajat
  • Method to offer Namaz-e-Kasoof and Namaz-e-Khsoof
  • Modern miscellaneous jurisprudential matters regarding optional prayers

Fasting and Itikaf

  • Obligation and significance of fasting and inherent wisdom
  • Internal, spiritual and medical benefits of fasts
  • Kinds of fasts
  • Prayers of Sehr and Iftar
  • Makroohat-e-Roaza
  • Matters, which do not break fast
  • Conditions in which fast is broken
  • Command of fast for women during particular days
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential matters regarding fast

Itikaf

  • Significance and kinds of Itikaf
  • Preconditions for attending Itikaf
  • Obligatory affairs for Mautikaf during Itikaf
  • Matters for which Motikaf can go out of Itikaf Gah
  • Legal status of collective Itikaf, benefits and rewards
  • Conditions in which it is okay to renounce Itkaf
  • Issues that violate the sanctity of Itikaf
  • Commands regarding Itikaf of women
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential affairs regarding Itikaf

Eid and Sadq-e-Fitr

  • Timing and method of offering Eid prayers
  • Obligatory matters on the day of Eid
  • Significance of Eid nights
  • Meaning and concept of Sadq-e-Fitr and those deserving it
  • Those on whom Sadqa-e-Fitr is obligatory and time of payment
  • Miscellaneous jurisprudential affairs regarding Eids and Sada-e-Fitr

Zakat

  • Imposition and significance of Zakat in accordance with the holy Quran and Sunna
  • Wisdom underlying payment of Zakat
  • Punishment on not paying Zakat
  • Meaning and concept of ‘Masaraf-e-Zakat’ and their number
  • What is meant by Nisab-e-Zakat?
  • Nisab-e-Zakat’ on gold, silver, cash, commercial goods and animals
  • Modern miscellaneous jurisprudential affairs regarding Zakat